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Super compact fusion reactor secures funding

Oxford-based Tokamak Solutions is designing a super compact fusion reactor which will harnesses the neutron by-products of fusion for a variety of applications.

Completion of the novel design will be funded by £170,000 of equity investment from Sir Martin and Lady Audrey Wood, the Rainbow Seed Fund, Oxford Instruments and the Oxford Early Investments network. The latest round of funding follows a €110,000 (£92,522) contract from ITER.

The nuclear fusion reaction produces an abundance of high-energy neutrons which the novel technology exploits.

Tokamak Solutions’ spherical fusion reactor is just two metres in diameter but can provide a megawatt level neutron output while operating at modest plasma temperature.


Plasma produced in a spherical tokamak, which can be used to provide high-energy neutrons

Applications for these fusion neutrons include the production of isotopes for medical use, the transmutation of waste from existing nuclear power stations, zero carbon large scale hydrogen production, and for fusion-fission hybrid (or sub-critical) reactors.

The company has filed patent applications for the initial design which is the brainchild of Mikhail Gryaznevich and Alan Sykes who have worked on fusion research for 20 years.

Sykes, now technical director at Tokamak Solutions said: ‘The fusion process produces an abundance of neutrons and by using the spherical tokamak this can be done very efficiently. This means that a fusion neutron source, with a wide variety of applications, can be realised on a much smaller scale than a fusion energy source of the ITER type.’

One of the most promising applications, according the company, lies in using neutrons to destroy the minor actinides of radioactive nuclear waste, which are particularly problematic to dispose of.

Gryaznevich, chief scientific officer, explained: ‘Burying minor actinides is expensive and risky as they undergo fissile decay over thousands of years, releasing heat and radioactive fragments, making them difficult to contain. Our super compact fusion neutron source is the first system based on currently available technology with the potential to produce the neutrons required for this clean-up.’

Readers' comments (7)

  • An excellent story on the possibility of recycling our nuclear fuel waste.

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  • "Including large scale hydrogen production"
    Does that mean if it is supplied with water it can fuel itself and produce excess hydrogen as a fuel source?
    And they only want a couple of hundred grand to develop it?
    Sounds good to me, Ill take two.

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  • Unless I have missed the most significant piece of news for the globe this millennium, nuclear fusion is still not possible unless you live on the sun. Please explain!

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  • Nuclear fusion is completely possible and has been since 1951. Generating useful energy from nuclear fusion is currently impossible.

  • Tritium is very rare on Earth. The best option is proton-boron aneutronic fusion.

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  • From what I've read about Tokamaks, they have not worked to produce excess energy in the past. How is it that this one will now suddenly produce excess energy?

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  • Small Spherical Tokamaks can be energy self sufficient for some applications but are not otherwise a source of power. Their big product is copious neutrons which can be used to Transmute the Elements - any of them. Fusion Tech is mature enough to build them with existing materials and current equipment. Fusion applications are ready to emerge now.

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  • How is the plasma heated?
    What drives the plasma current?
    Still have to breed adequate tritium for fueling.
    Will not be so compact when you add heating systems, breeding blankets, shielding, etc.

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