August 1856. Bessemer’s steel process

Mr H Bessemer read the following paper at the British Association on Monday last: The manufacture of iron in this country has attained such an important position that any improvement in this branch of our national industry cannot fail to be a source of general interest

On the Manufacture of Malleable Iron and Steel Without Fuel

Mr H Bessemer read the following paper at the British Association on Monday last:

The manufacture of iron in this country has attained such an important position that any improvement in this branch of our national industry cannot fail to be a source of general interest, and will, I trust, be a sufficient excuse for the present brief, and I fear imperfect paper.

I may mention that for the last two years my attention has been almost exclusively directed to the manufacture of malleable iron and steel, in which, however, I had made but little progress until within the last eight or nine months…

…but the numerous observations I had made during this very unpromising period all tended to confirm an entirely new view of the subject which at that time forced itself on my attention, viz – that I could produce a much more intense heat without any furnace or fuel than could be obtained by either of the modifications I had used.

1856 Bessemer’s Steel Process