Saturday, 02 August 2014
masthead+quote+image
Advanced search

Bone-conducting implant could help deaf people hear normally

A new ear implant that uses the skull bone to transmit vibrations could help functionally deaf people hear normally, according to its creators.

Researchers from the Chalmers University of Technology in Gothenburg, Sweden, developed the 6cm-long Bone Conduction Implant (BCI) as a replacement for the middle ear, attached to the skull under the skin just behind the ear.

Unlike conventional bone-conducting hearing aids, the BCI doesn’t need to be anchored to the skull using a titanium screw through the skin, eliminating the risk of skin infection or the device falling off.

‘You hear 50 per cent of your own voice through bone conduction, so you perceive this sound as quite natural,’ said BCI creator Prof Bo Håkansson in a statement.

The device was first implanted in a patient at Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, last month and doctors say the operation went according to plan, although it will be another six weeks before the wound has fully healed and the implant can be switched on.

/n/o/v/TE_Chalmers_ear_implant2.jpg

Source: Chalmers University of Technology

The device transmits signals from the external processor to an internal receiver and loudspeaker

The BCI comprises an implant featuring a coil at its upper end that operates using magnetic induction with an outer sound processor held in place by magnets and that the patient can easily attach to or remove from the head.

The processor transmits sound from the patient’s surroundings through the skin to the internal receiver. The audio signal is transmitted to a tiny quadratic loudspeaker anchored to the bone near the auditory canal, which recreates it as vibrations transmitted through the skull to the sensory organs of the cochlea.

This technique has been designed to treat mechanical hearing loss in individuals who have been affected by chronic inflammation of the outer or middle ear, or bone disease, or who have congenital malformations of the outer ear, auditory canal or middle ear.

Such patients suffer hearing loss that is not addressed by electronic hearing aids that compensate for neurological problems in the inner ear. However, the new device may also help people with impaired inner ear.

/m/p/l/TE_Chambers_ear_implant4.jpg

Source: Chalmers University of Technology

Måns Eeg-Olofsson of Sahlgrenska University Hospital and Bo Håkansson of Chalmers University of Technology, leaders of the research team behind the implant

‘Patients can probably have a neural impairment of down to 30–40dB, even in the cochlea,’ said Håkansson. ‘We are going to try to establish how much of an impairment can be tolerated through this clinical study.’

Earlier tests indicate that the volume may be around 5dB higher and the quality of sound at high frequencies will be better with BCI than with previous bone-anchored techniques.

The researchers hope to present the first clinical results of the operation in early 2013 and make the device available to other patients within the next couple of years, providing they can find sufficient investment.


Readers' comments (2)

  • I have only one thing to comment and that is the fact that all the hearing devices so far invented have not met expectation for the simple reason that they do not take into account the actual nature of speech. Human speech consists of two separate and distinguish-ably different audio systems. The first is a volume adjustable, more more or less sine/cosine shaped. It is easily displayed on the oscilloscope. The second unique language is non repeating like the other language. Many of these sounds will hardly show up on the oscilloscope. It is like trying to display noise spikes. This second language is practically non adjustable in volume. Unfortunately practically all the meaning in speech is conveyed in the second language. When we deaf people turn up the volume on the TV or radio we are trying to hear the second language with all the meaningful sounds. I would voluntarily provide more if you wish. I've worked in the electronic field for lets say 70 years. I am 92 years old. And pretty deafened. I'll help you in any way you wish.

    Unsuitable or offensive? Report this comment

  • My wife has been profound deaf since age 2 from Spinal Meningitis. If this would help her hear, we would do what ever to help your research. Please help us if you can. We are not wealthy people at all and have three children what a blessing it would be for my wife to hear. She has been in a silent world for now 50 years. It is time I do something to help her hear.

    Unsuitable or offensive? Report this comment

Have your say

Mandatory
Mandatory
Mandatory
Mandatory

My saved stories (Empty)

You have no saved stories

Save this article

Digital Edition

The Engineer July Digi Issue

Poll

London Mayor Boris Johnson is lobbying for a £10 additional charge for diesel cars to drive into Central London by 2020, and for road tax on diesel cars and all pre-2006 cars to be increased, to counter air pollution. What option most closely matches your opinion on this?

Previous Poll

Europe's largest tidal array in the Pentand Firth off Orkney will eventually generate up to 86MW of power. What will it take for tidal energy to make an appreciable contribution to the UK's energy needs?

Read and comment on the results here