Estimates of the resources needed to mount the Nato bombing campaign in Serbia were too optimistic, and much bigger budgets will be needed to guarantee success in similar future operations, according to US analysts.
Connecticut-based Forecast International says in its report: Implications of the Kosovo Crisis for Defense Planners that demands of keeping friendly casualties to a minimum means `targets must be struck with overwhelming force’.
In Serbia this involved Nato firing cruise missiles from US and British warships and aircraft, which began to run out of missiles before the end of the campaign.
The report says: `Assessments of the forces needed to meet specified requirements are seriously optimistic and will have to be revised upwards.’
Britain placed an emergency order for 30 more cruise missiles at $1m apiece to add to its cache of 65 after the submarine HMS Splendid fired all its missiles during the conflict.
High aircraft usage in the campaign `is likely to result in greater than anticipated maintenance and support burdens’, the report adds.