Delphi has been awarded a $60 million contract over five years to supply its Engine Management Systems (EMS) to Chongqing Zongsheng Motorcycle Group, one of the leading motorcycle manufacturers in China. This is Delphi’s first production motorcycle business win in China.
Delphi has also been awarded new EMS business with a major motorcycle manufacturer in India, but details of this contract remain confidential at the customer’s request.
Approximately 50 million motorcycles are manufactured annually in the Asia Pacific region, 10 million of which are manufactured in China, and 4.5 million are manufactured in India.
Engine management is the science of equipping and calibrating an engine to achieve clean exhaust emissions while providing the best possible performance. EMS is generally used on all modern cars that meet Euro II emission norms or equivalent.
The technology essentially entails the control of the engine air and fuel inflow and ignition by an onboard microcomputer also known as an engine control module (ECM). The ECM in turn controls a fuel injector and an ignition coil connected to the spark plug. Fuel injection and ignition is timed precisely to provide an optimal combustion situation for a wide variety of external variants like the load on the engine, air temperature and barometric pressure. Data on these variants is then coupled with additional input from sensors which measure the position of the crankshaft, engine temperature and throttle position to determine and create optimal combustion. The EMS replaces the existing carburetor and the ignition electronics.
Worldwide in 2001, Delphi booked new orders for EMS worth more than $500 million. The Asia Pacific region generated much of this new business.