European Geostationary Navigation Overlay Service (EGNOS), the first European satellite navigation service, has passed a series of international air traffic flight trials.
During the tests, the French Civil Aviation Authority (DGAC) test plane made a number of approaches and landings using the new procedures, in each case aligning itself with the runway’s axis and then following a descent path to touchdown.
The quality of the EGNOS signals was tested by comparing the landing phases guided by satellite with landings using traditional means such as the Instrument Landing System (ILS).
The results of
One of the main advantages of EGNOS is that it is available everywhere without the need for ground infrastructure and it provides vertical guidance procedures for every runway. Furthermore, the cockpit data display is the same as for ILS, so there are no familiarisation problems for the pilots and no additional training costs.
Currently in pre-operational service, EGNOS will be certified in 2008 for safety-of-life applications such as air traffic control.
EGNOS will provide a precision of better than two metres, compared to 15 to 20 metres for GPS alone. In addition, there is a guarantee as to the quality of the signals. If a problem is detected, an alarm will be sent to the pilot.
Systems that are equivalent to EGNOS have been set up in the
The long term plan for European Civil Aviation Authorities is to combine all the existing navigation systems to ensure greater assistance for pilots and the best possible safety of air traffic in