A jury in Grimes County, Texas has found Textron Lycoming liable for fraud, and ordered the company to pay approximately $96 million to Navasota, Texas-based Interstate Southwest. The verdict came Tuesday following seven weeks of trial in State District Judge Jerry Sandel’s 278th Judicial District Court in Anderson, Texas.
The jury’s award includes $9,725,650 in actual damages and another $86,394,763 in punitive damages. In addition, the verdict effectively precludes Lycoming from pursuing a $173 million indemnity claim against Interstate, which it had previously filed in a Pennsylvania court.
The case revolves around a number of small airplane engine failures that occurred when the airplanes’ crankshafts broke in flight. Between 2000 and 2002, there were 24 failures and 12 deaths in Cessnas, Pipers and other airplanes with Lycoming aircraft engines. Interstate Southwest supplied Lycoming with the crankshaft forgings for those engines.
Following the failures, Lycoming launched an investigation aimed at determining the cause. Its conclusion was that Interstate Southwest had overheated the forgings, weakening the steel.
But attorneys for Interstate, Marty Rose and Hal Walker of Rose Walker in Dallas, found a different cause. Their experts were able to determine that Lycoming’s design for the crankshafts, which dates back to smaller, lower horsepower engines from 40 years ago, was inadequate for the larger, higher horsepower engines that failed.
They also found that by adding Vanadium to the steel, something Lycoming decided to do just before the failures began, the company further limited the amount of stress the crankshafts could withstand. Lycoming had added Vanadium to make the steel harder and reduce the number of machining operations, ultimately saving the company money.
“The jurors found the combination of poor design and Vanadium pushed these crankshafts beyond their limits,” says Hal Walker. “That’s why these planes crashed, and not, as Lycoming claimed, because Interstate overheated the forgings.”