Storelectric is to build a large-scale compressed air energy storage site in the Netherlands, after winning an international competition.
Storelectric received €50,000 for winning the NAM70 Challenge
The UK start-up, which proposes storing energy via compressed air in underground salt caverns, was recently crowned the winner of the NAM70 Challenge, run by Dutch energy company NAM.
As well as a €50,000 prize, Storelectric will now partner with NAM, which is jointly owned by Shell and Exxon, to investigate the idea of re-purposing oil and gas infrastructure for use in energy storage. They aim to build underground storage sites in the Netherlands and potentially the North Sea, to store energy from offshore wind farms and onshore solar power plants.
Compressed air energy storage (CAES) is not itself a new technology and has been operating at a site in Germany since 1978, and at a plant in Alabama in the US since 1991.
At CAES plants, excess electricity, for example from intermittent renewable energy sources, can be used to compress and store ambient air under pressure in an underground cavern. Then, when electricity is needed, such as when the wind is not blowing, the pressurised air can be heated and expanded in a turbine to generate electricity.
However, as the air is being compressed it heats up, and this heat must be removed before it can be safely stored, according to Jeff Draper, director of Storelectric.
“You can’t put hot compressed air into a salt cavern at 500 degrees Celsius, it would melt the salt cavern, so it has to go in at ambient temperature,” said Draper. “The way the existing plants have done this is to release the heat from the compressed air to atmosphere on input, which is a waste of energy.”
Such plants then use natural gas to re-heat the air as it is expanded, reducing the overall efficiency of the process.
So instead, Storelectric stores the heat removed from the air during the compression stage, and uses it to re-heat the air again during the expansion stage, a process known as adiabatic CAES.
Winning the NAM70 Challenge will provide Storelectric not only with funding but also with access to NAM’s engineers, helping to push the technology forward, according to Draper.
“This kind of geological solution (to energy storage), is closely aligned with the oil and gas companies,” he said.