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Non-contact infrared sensors from Micro-Epsilon are being used on a range of medium- and high-frequency induction heaters to measure the temperature of metal components during heat treatment.

The sensors were selected due to a range of factors, including low cost, compactness and ability to be interchanged.

Over the past 12 months, Cheltenham Induction Heating, a specialist manufacturer of frequency induction heaters, has selected the Thermometer CTM1/M2 infrared temperature sensor from Micro-Epsilon, for use across its range of induction heaters.

Part of the Ambrell Group, Cheltenham Induction Heating specialises in the design and manufacture of high-, medium- and low-frequency induction-heating equipment, including all associated handling equipment and fixtures for use in industrial, scientific and medical applications.

The induction heaters vary in size from 1kW versions up to large, floor-standing 500kW heaters, with larger custom-engineered systems available if required.

These heaters are used by many customers, in applications where heat energy needs to be provided to a metal component or other magnetic material.

Applications include annealing, bonding, brazing, hardening, melting of metals, degassing and coating.

Roger Grange, projects engineer at Cheltenham Induction Heating, said: ‘Often, our customers need to employ very specific heating cycles for different components that require heat treatment.

‘So you need an induction heater that comes with the necessary controls and temperature-measurement systems to enable easy integration with the customer’s process-control system.

‘Basically, our heaters attain a specific temperature by controlling the amount of power they provide to the component in a given time period.

‘This is normally a very repeatable process if the component is identical each time.

‘However, if a customer requires the heater to maintain a constant temperature or set point, when the temperature needs to be held at a set level and not above this, the optical pyrometers enable us to achieve this,’ he added.

In early 2009, one of Cheltenham’s aerospace customers recommended it look at Micro-Epsilon as a possible supplier of infrared temperature sensors for induction heaters.

Grange continued by saying: ‘As a machine builder, price is often a very sensitive issue for the customer.

‘We found that Micro-Epsilon’s Thermometer sensors were half the cost of our previous non-contact temperature sensors.

‘The Thermometer sensors also provide us with technical advantages.

‘The sensor head, for example, is more compact than our previous sensor, which enables us to mount the sensors in confined spaces on our heaters.

‘In addition, the separate controller can now be mounted well away from the sensor head and from the induction-heating coil, using a 2m or 3m cable provided.

‘This makes the installation safer and less prone to any interference or overheating.

‘We’ve also found that the Micro-Epsilon sensors are easily interchangeable with other sensor types.

‘For example, we can easily switch the output mode between 0-10V or simulate a K- or J-type thermocouple.

‘It’s all very flexible and adaptable.

‘The sensor is also capable of measuring temperatures from 250C up to 1,600C, which happens to cover most of our induction-heater range.

‘The technical support, advice and guidance provided by Micro-Epsilon’s engineers, has been excellent.

‘When we first started working with Micro-Epsilon, the company very kindly loaned us an infrared temperature sensor for a two-week period so that we could test its suitability for integration with our heaters.

‘Typically, the infrared temperature sensors are mounted next to the copper-coil tubing, adjacent to the component that requires heating.

‘The sensor is normally positioned at a distance of between 140 and 300mm from the component, as long as the spot size remains small enough, otherwise your temperature-measurement accuracy will suffer,’ Grange finished.

The Thermometer CTM1/2 sensors measure process temperatures from 250C up to 1,600C and so are ideal for use with metals, metal oxides, ceramics and composites.

The sensors benefit from double-precision laser sighting and a 40:1 or 75:1 optical resolution.

Sensor response times are from 1ms.

The sensor weighs just 40g and the controller 420g.

The Thermometer CTM1/M2 can be used in ambient temperatures of up to 100C without any cooling required and has an automatic laser switch-off at 50C.

The sensor measures at short wavelengths (1.0-1.6um), which minimises temperature-measurement errors on surfaces with either low or unknown emissivity.

A range of accessories and optional extras is available for the CTM1/M2 range, which protects the sensor in harsh operating environments.

These include air-purging accessories, K- or J-type thermocouples outputs, and a range of integrated digital communications interfaces, including Profibus DP, CAN open, USB, RS232, RS485 and Ethernet.

Micro-Epsilon

With over 45 years experience and more than 15,000 customers worldwide, Micro-Epsilon understands the need for accurate, robust, intelligent sensors and measurement systems.

With over 45 years experience and more than 15,000 customers worldwide, Micro-Epsilon understands the need for accurate, robust, intelligent sensors and measurement systems.

If you are measuring any type of displacement / position, temperature, speed or colour parameters, Micro-Epsilon sensors and systems provide market-leading performance, together with the fastest measuring rates, highest operating temperature ranges and smart interface capabilities. From simple, low cost sensors to high volume, customer-specific OEM solutions, Micro-Epsilon will have athe correct measurement solution for your application.

Using both contact and non-contact measurement techniques, Micro-Epsilon boasts one of the largest ranges of displacement sensors including 1D, 2D & 3D laser optical, confocal chromatic, eddy current, capacitive, inductive, draw-wire and time-of-flight technologies. Measuring ranges are from nanometers to kilometers!

For temperature measurement, there is a comprehensive range of non-contact infrared temperature sensors and thermal imaging cameras capable of measuring up to that include intelligent software packages to support configuration, analysis and management during the application. LED analysers, fibre optic sensors and Colour recognition sensors measure true colour using L*A*B and CIE.

Micro-Epsilon sensors are used throughout almost all industries: from automotive to aerospace, motorsport to metal production, semiconductor to subsea. Whether it’s an R&D, test, inspection, OEM or a process control application, Micro Epsilon measurement engineers can provide the right measurement solution.

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