bp and thyssenkrupp Steel aim for green steel production

bp and thyssenkrupp Steel have signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) focused on development of long-term low-carbon hydrogen supply and renewable power in steel production.


thyssenkrupp Steel accounts for 2.5 per cent of CO2 emissions in Germany, mainly at the Duisburg site where the main emitters, the blast furnaces, are operated. By replacing the coal-fired blast furnaces with direct reduction plants, where iron ore is reduced with low-carbon hydrogen, thyssenkrupp Steel intends to make steel production climate-neutral in the long term. 

The companies will explore supply options for blue and green hydrogen, as well as power from wind and solar generation through the use of power purchase agreements.

William Lin, bp executive vice president regions, cities and solutions said that bp is already investing in developing a portfolio of industrial-scale hydrogen projects in Germany, the Netherlands, Spain, the UK and Australia as part of its decarbonisation strategy.

“The steel and energy industries have of course long been closely linked,” he commented. “We provide fuel and feedstock for steel production while our platforms, pipelines, and turbine towers are made from steel.  

“thyssenkrupp Steel has the ambition to make its steel production climate-neutral by 2045 and low carbon power and hydrogen will play a critical role in achieving that. 

“With our aligned ambitions and complementary investments, thyssenkrupp Steel and bp can together help this hard-to-abate sector decarbonise faster.” 

Dr. Arnd Köfler, chief technology officer at thyssenkrupp Steel, added: "The decarbonisation of the steel industry will require enormous quantities of low-carbon and in the long term green hydrogen. This will increasingly require the use of electricity from renewable sources. 

“All this can only be achieved through a well-developed hydrogen infrastructure with a supra-regional pipeline network. The MoU is an important milestone for us to set the course with bp for a reliable supply of energy in the future." 

Steel accounts for 8 to 11 per cent of global CO2 emissions. It is essential for the automotive and construction industries and for the manufacturing of industrial machinery. It also forms the foundation for many decarbonisation technologies including wind turbines, generators and smart power grids. 

thyssenkrupp Steel currently produces 11 million tonnes of crude steel per year and is targeting the production of 400,000 tonnes of CO2-reduced steel by 2025.

The companies said they intend to jointly advocate for policies that will support the development of low carbon hydrogen and the growth of green steel in Europe.