The Panavia Tornado was a pan-European collaboration between the UK, Italy and West Germany. Having first entered service with the RAF in 1979, the Tornado has enjoyed a career spanning almost 40 years. Its first combat duty came during the Gulf War in 1991 (GR1 model) and it has played an active role in Kosovo, Afghanistan, Libya, Syria and Iraq (GR4 model), most recently helping with the bombardment of Islamic State. The fleet was welcomed back to its home base of RAF Marham in Norfolk for the final time on Tuesday, February 5th.
“As a Tornado GR4 pilot myself, I have seen the aircraft develop over its nearly 40 years of service into an outstanding combat aircraft, flown, maintained and supported by similarly outstanding air and ground crew,” said Chief of the Air Staff, Air Chief Marshal Sir Stephen Hillier.
“The Tornado Force has been continuously deployed on operations since 1990, serving with immense distinction in Iraq, Syria, Afghanistan, Libya and the Balkans.”
The multirole fighter’s weapons capabilities will now be taken up by the RAF’s Eurofighter Typhoon fleet, in combination with the newly delivered F-35B Lightning. A three-year, £425 million investment programme known as ‘Project Centurion’ has seen the Typhoon equipped with the ability to carry the Meteor air-to-air missile, the Stormshadow deep strike cruise missile and the precision attack missile Brimstone. According to the RAF, it has already trialled the improved Typhoons alongside the F-35s in joint operational manoeuvres.
“I will personally be very sad to see the Tornado retire, but it is time now to pass the baton to our next generation combat aircraft,” said Air Chief Marshal Hillier. “The F-35B Lightning is now operational and the Typhoon is now fully multi-role capable and able to take on the Tornado’s missions.
“We can all take immense pride in what the Tornado has achieved in defence of the nation over nearly four decades, and reflect back on the courage, commitment and achievements of everyone who has contributed to the success of this extraordinary aircraft.”