Toxic emissions linked to catalytic converters

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Researchers in Europe and the USA have discovered toxic metals emitted from automotive catalytic converters in urban air in the USA.

A study scheduled for publication in the December 15 issue of the

American Chemical Society's


Environmental Science and Technology

, shows that for the first time, toxic metals emitted from automotive catalytic converters have been detected in urban air in the

United States


The research was done by Swedish scientists working in collaboration with researchers from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution.

The researchers found high concentrations of platinum, palladium, rhodium and osmium in air over the Boston metropolitan area. Although these particles - known as platinum group elements - are not yet considered a serious health risk, evidence suggests they could potentially pose a future danger as worldwide car sales increase from an estimated 50 million in 2000 to more than 140 million in 2050.

Finding ways to "stabilise" these metal particles within the converters "should be a priority to limit their potential impact," says lead researcher Sebastien Rauch, Ph.D., of Chalmers University of Technology in Göteborg.

In addition to the

United States

, where catalytic converters were first introduced, scientists have also detected elevated concentrations of these elements in Europe,










. Catalytic converters reduce emissions of carbon monoxide, hydrocarbons, nitrogen oxides and other pollutants.