In what is claimed to be a world first, researchers have developed a fibre-optic probe that simultaneously measures temperature and can see deep inside the body.
The fibre-optic probe could help researchers find better treatments to prevent drug-induced overheating of the brain, and potentially refine thermal treatment for cancers.
“With an outer diameter of only 130 microns, the probe is as thin as a single strand of human hair,” said Dr Jiawen Li, a researcher with the Adelaide Medical School, ARC Centre of Excellence for Nanoscale Biophotonics (CNBP) and the Institute for Photonics and Advanced Sensing (IPAS) at the University of Adelaide.
“This means it can be delivered deep inside the body in a minimally invasive way. It also allows us to see and record physiological data in real time that we weren’t able to access before.”
The miniaturised imaging and sensing probe has been developed to help study drug-induced hyperthermia.
“Using some drugs such as ecstasy can make certain brain regions overheat and then become damaged,” Dr Li said.
“Using the probe’s imaging function during experiments, our medical collaborators would be able to see deep inside the brain of a living organism and guide the placement of the probe to the right brain region.”
“Then, they can use the probe’s built-in thermometer to monitor any changes to the local temperature of that region.”
This will allow researchers to: better understand how hyperthermia develops; test new medical treatments; or investigate the toxicology impacts of drug-taking.
The fibre-optic probe also has potential to provide insights into other diseases and treatments in other parts of the body, such as optimising thermal treatment of cancers.
While the first generation of the probe can take images and measure temperature, Dr Li hopes future iterations will take measurements such as pH values, oxygen saturation and accumulation of fat in arteries.
Dr Li’s research has been published in the journal Optics Letters.