Researchers have devised Lumitrack, a motion tracking technology claimed to eliminate a lot of the lag that occurs in existing video game systems.
Developed by researchers at Carnegie Mellon University and Disney Research Pittsburgh, Lumitrack is also said to be extremely precise and highly affordable.
The university says the technology is comprised of projectors and sensors. A structured pattern, which resembles a large barcode, is projected over the area to be tracked. Sensor units, either near the projector or on the person or object being tracked, can then quickly and precisely locate movements anywhere in that area.
‘What Lumitrack brings to the table is, first, low latency,’ said Robert Xiao, a Ph.D. student in Carnegie Mellon’s Human-Computer Interaction Institute (HCII). ‘Motion tracking has added a compelling dimension to popular game systems, but there’s always a lag between the player’s movements and the movements of the avatar in the game. Lumitrack is substantially faster than these consumer systems, with near real-time response.’
In a statement, Xiao said Lumitrack is also extremely precise, with sub-millimetre accuracy. Moreover, this performance is achieved at low cost. The sensors require little power and would be inexpensive to assemble in volume. The components could even be integrated into mobile devices, including smartphones.
Many approaches exist for tracking human motion, including expensive, highly precise systems used to create computer-generated imagery (CGI) for films. Though Lumitrack’s developers have targeted games as an initial application, the technology’s combination of low latency, high precision and low cost make it suitable for many applications, including CGI and human-robot interaction.
A key to Lumitrack is the structured pattern that is projected over the tracking area. Called a binary m-sequence, the series of bars encodes a series of bits in which every sequence of seven bits appears only once. An optical sensor can quickly determine where it is based on which part of the sequence it sees. When two m-sequences are projected at right angles to each other, the sensor can determine its position in two dimensions; when multiple sensors are used, 3D motion tracking is possible.
Xiao and his collaborators will present their findings at UIST 2013, the Association for Computing Machinery’s Symposium on User Interface Software and Technology, October 8-11 in St. Andrews, Scotland.
Scott Hudson, professor of HCII, and Chris Harrison, a recent Ph.D. graduate of the HCII who will be joining the faculty next year, are co-authors, as are Disney Research Pittsburgh’s Ivan Poupyrev, director of the Interactions Group, and Karl Willis.
More information is available here.
This work was supported by the National Science Foundation, the National Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, a Google Ph.D. Fellowship and a Qualcomm Innovation Fellowship.