Researchers develop new thermoelectric material

Michigan State University (MSU) researchers have developed a new thermoelectric material based on naturally occurring materials that don’t require complex or costly processing.

The researchers, led by Donald Morelli, a professor of chemical engineering and materials science, developed the material based on tetrahedrites.

‘What we’ve managed to do is synthesise some compounds that have the same composition as natural minerals,’ said Morelli. ‘The mineral family that they mimic is one of the most abundant minerals of this type on Earth — tetrahedrites.

‘By modifying its composition in a very small way, we produced highly efficient thermoelectric materials.’

Morelli said that while some new, more efficient materials have been discovered as of late, many are not suitable for large-scale applications because they are derived from rare or sometimes toxic elements, or the synthesis procedures are complex and costly.

‘Typically you’d mine minerals, purify them into individual elements and then recombine those elements into new compounds that you anticipate will have good thermoelectric properties,’ he said. ‘But that process costs a lot of money and takes a lot of time. Our method bypasses much of that.’

The MSU researchers’ method involves the use of very common materials, grinding them to a powder, then using pressure and heat to compress into useable sizes.

‘It saves tremendously in terms of processing costs,’ he said.

The researchers expect this discovery could pave the way to many new, low-cost thermoelectric generation opportunities with applications that include waste heat recovery from industrial power plants, conversion of vehicle exhaust gas heat into electricity, and generation of electricity in home-heating furnaces.

The research was published in the online journal Advanced Energy Materials.