Engineers have created a smart wristband with a wireless connection to smartphones that they believe will lead to a new wave of personal health and environmental monitoring devices.
The technology, developed at Rutgers University-New Brunswick, could be added to watches and other wearable devices that monitor heart rates and physical activity. The advance is detailed in a study published online in Microsystems & Nanoengineering.
“It’s like a Fitbit but has a biosensor that can count particles, so that includes blood cells, bacteria and organic or inorganic particles in the air,” said Mehdi Javanmard, senior author of the study and assistant professor in the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering in the School of Engineering.
“Current wearables can measure only a handful of physical parameters such as heart rate and exercise activity,” said Abbas Furniturewalla, study lead author and former undergraduate researcher in the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering. “The ability for a wearable device to monitor the counts of different cells in our bloodstream would take personal health monitoring to the next level.”
The plastic wristband is said to include a flexible circuit board and a biosensor with a channel thinner than the diameter of a human hair with gold electrodes embedded inside. According to Rutgers, it has a circuit to process electrical signals, a micro-controller for digitising data and a Bluetooth module to transmit data wirelessly.
Blood samples are obtained through pinpricks, with the blood fed through the channel and blood cells counted. The data are sent wirelessly to a smartphone with an app that processes and displays data.
In use, health professionals could get rapid blood test results from patients, without the need for lab-based equipment.
“There’s a whole range of diseases where blood cell counts are very important,” Javanmard said. “Abnormally high or low white blood cell counts are indicators of certain cancers like leukemia, for example.”
Next-generation wristbands could be used in a variety of biomedical and environmental applications, he said. Patients would be able to continuously monitor their health and send results to physicians remotely.
“This would be really important for settings with lots of air pollutants and people want to measure the amount of tiny particles or dust they’re exposed to day in and day out,” Javanmard said. “Miners, for example, could sample the environment they’re in.”