Robot evaluates safety issues

Soldiers and first responders may soon have a better way to evaluate the interior of dangerous structures, thanks to a joint project between the Missouri University of Science and Technology (S&T) and the University of Missouri-Columbia.

As part of the project, students at Missouri S&T have built a remote-controlled robot that is equipped with an infrared camera and LIDAR (light detection and ranging) technology, which sends out multiple laser points that bounce off objects and provide feedback. The LIDAR-equipped robot then wirelessly relays detailed images to a laptop computer.

‘We can get a 3D map of rooms by sending the robot inside or having it look through a window,’ said Dr Norbert Maerz, associate professor of geological engineering at Missouri S&T. ‘Even when you can’t see through windows, you can still scan through them with LIDAR. Using this information, soldiers or first responders could evaluate safety issues and determine strategies.’

Maerz and his students have used their prototype to map the inside of houses, businesses, Missouri S&T buildings, chambers in S&T’s Experimental Mine and cave passages in the Mark Twain National Forest.

‘In theory, you could deploy this technology inside caves where terrorists might be hiding,’ Maerz said.

Maerz sends sample images to colleague Dr Ye Duan in Columbia for advanced data analysis and 3D reconstruction. The technology is capable of revealing detailed information regarding floor plans, for instance, but it can also ‘see’ people and objects inside a space.

‘Once you have the images, you can zoom in on objects and look at things from different angles,’ Maerz said. ‘You can make precise measurements of any object and assess dimensions.’

The technology is further capable of detecting structural damage such as cracks in beams, which would allow engineers to make safety recommendations following natural disasters.

‘This could definitely be used in disaster relief situations,’ Maerz said. ‘The main idea is to assess safety in dangerous areas.’